<P>40 Copyright © 2012 Find A Groomer Inc. All rights reserved Subscribe www.egroomer.com A C L O S E R L O O K REFERENCES AND FURTHER READINGS 1. Structure and Function of the Skin and Hair Coat in Dogs, Virginia Wells, www.petplace.com. 2. Hair Length and Temperature Tolerance, Robert Jay Russell, Ph.D, Web Article, May 1997. http://www.lgd.org/library/hairlength.htm. 3. Sunburn in Dogs: An Overview, author unknown, http://www.petwave.com/Dogs/Dog-Health-Center/Skin-Disorders/Sunburn/Overview.aspx 4. Temperature Adaptation in Northern Dogs, Ted Greenlee, Northern Dog News, March 1971. 5. Hair Today Gone Tomorrow, Dr. Linda Frank, Seminar Notes March, 2007, http://www.pomeraniancharitabletrust.org/5022/5064.html Note: An overview of canine alopecia by a key scientist in the field, written in a less technical style than her scholarly works. 6. Post Clipping Alopecia, McKeever Veterinary Dermatology Clinic, Eden Prairie, MN, online library, www.mckeevervetderm.com/8701.html. 7. Alopecia X, Linda A. Frank, MS, DVM, Diplomate ACVD, Presentation to the Australian College of Veterinary Dermatology, July 2011, ANZCVS Dermatology Chapter Proceedings 2011. 8. Recoated Pomeranian. A pictorial review of an alopecic Pomeranian restored to good coat by a groomer. Method including daily scrubbing of the skin. http://www.pomeraniancharitabletrust.org/5022/18991.html. 9. Bay Area Rescue Keeshonden www.keeshonrescue.org. They need their thick coats to protect their skin. A clipped coat mats more quickly and is more easily damaged. Keeshonden are also prone to a condition called "post-clipping alopecia," which can happen any time a Keeshond is clipped. Veterinary dermatologists advise that this breed should be clipped only for medical reasons. 10. South Florida Siberian Husky Rescue, http://www.sibrescue.com/tip-shave.html Shaving the dog does nothing to keep the dog cool. It just makes the human feel better when looking at the coated dog. The Siberian Husky has little to no pigmentation in its skin. If you shave the Husky, you expose it to the sun without protection. Now you have a dog that can come up with a variety of skin problems including skin cancer. ADDITIONAL REFERENCES AND READING ABOUT HAIR LOSS Alopecia X, http://www.marvistavet.com/html/bodyalopeciax.html. Categorizes Post Clipping Alopecia under Alopecia X. Understanding Coat Funk, Daitsch, Vicki, PhD, www.malamutehealth.org, 2004. http://www.malamutehealth.org/articles/cfunderstanding.htm Lack of Hair Growth in Dogs, Dr. Rosanna Marsalla, PetPlace.com. http://www.petplace.com/dogs/lack-of-hair-growth-in-dogs/page1.aspx. Note: A good explanation of factors which affect hair growth. Black Skin Disease, Pomeranian Club of Canada, www.pcoc.net/black-skin-disease.htm. Note: An overview of the disorder and reporting of several protocols that have successfully recoated affected Poms. ABOUT HAIR Hair-science.com. Note: Outstanding graphics and clear explanations of the structure and growth cycle of human hair. Exogen, Shedding Phase of the Hair Growth Cycle: Characterization of a Mouse Model, Milner, Yoram, et al, Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2002) 119, 639–644; doi:10.1046/j.1523-1747.2002.01842.x Note: First report describing a distinct shedding phase of the hair cycle, named exogen. Teloptosis and Kenogen: Two new concepts in human trichology. Arch Dermatol. 2004 May; 140(5):619-20 http://www.hairsite.com/hair-loss/boardentry-id-32593-page-1-order-qty-category-1.html Note: Far from being pushed off by the underlying new anagen hair, as quite simplistically thought before, the teloptotic hair is the result of the loss of adhesion between cells of the club hair and those of its epithelial envelope. The canine hair cycle – a guide for the assessment of morphological and immunohistochemical criteria Tabitha Müntener, Marcus G. Doherr, Franco Guscetti, Maja M. Suter, Monika M. Welle, Veterinary Dermatology, Volume 22, Issue 5, pages 383–395, October 2011 Stenn, K. S., and R. Paus. Controls of Hair Follicle Cycling. Physiol Rev 81: 449–494, 2001. Note: A seminal work on the description of the hair growth cycle and its study. From Telogen to Exogen: Mechanisms Underlying Formation and Subsequent Loss of the Hair Club Fiber, Claire A Higgins, Gillian E Westgate and Colin A B Jahoda Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2009) 129, 2100–2108; doi:10.1038/jid.2009.66; http://www.nature.com/jid/journal/v129/n9/full/jid200966a.html Note: This very technical article gives credence to the notion that both telogen and exogen phases have distinct early and late stages, and gives an intricate insight into the shedding process. Epithelial stem cells in the hair follicle bulge contribute skin epidermal cells during wound healing (Ito et al., Nature Medicine 2005). Ito M, Liu Y, Yang Z, Nguyen J, Liang F, Morris R, Cotsarelis G . Nature Medicine 2005; 11:1351-1354. PMID: 16288281 Note: This study demonstrated that epithelial bulge cells, which are responsible for hair follicle renewal during the hair cycle, significantly contribute to skin wound healing. This study also demonstrated that epithelial bulge cells are required for hair follicle renewal but not for skin epidermis under normal homeostatic conditions. Factors that control hair follicle cycling, Desmond J. Tobin BSc., PhD., FRCPath., FSB. Centre for Skin Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, BD7 1DP, Great Britain. Note: We know that hair becomes increasingly telogenic with age. Mechanism That Controls Activation Of Stem Cells During Hair Regeneration Identified. University of Southern California. "ScienceDaily, 16 Jan. 2008. Web. 13 May 2012. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080116135214.htm. Note: The findings suggest that hair stem cells are regulated not only by the micro-environment within one hair follicle -- as has previously been thought -- but also by adjacent hair follicles, other skin compartments and systemic hormones, in a hierarchical order. New Treatments for Baldness? Scientists Find Stem Cells That Tell Hair Its Time to Grow, ScienceDaily (Sep. 1, 2011), http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110901134641.htm. Note: The researchers identified stem cells within the skins fatty layer and showed that molecular signals from these cells were necessary to spur hair growth in mice, according to research published in the Sept. 2 issue of the journal Cell. ? 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