<P>Water is essential for life Water is a vital element for human existence and all ecosystems on Earth, naturally shared through the hydrological cycle. It is the most precious resource on our planet. The ful?llment of basic human needs, our environment, socio-economic development and poverty reduction are all heavily dependent on water. Although there is enough freshwater on the globe for everyone, resources are unevenly distributed in time and space. In many regions, clean freshwater is becoming increasingly scarce due to population growth, urbanization, changes in lifestyle, economic development, pollution and climate change. The growing pressure on water resources creates potential competition between different uses and users and makes it more dif?cult to manage water in a sustainable and equitable manner. Good management of water is especially challenging due to some of its unique characteristics: the hydrological cycle is highly complex and perturbations have multiple effects on quantity, quality and availability elsewhere; water cuts across all social, environmental and economic activities and touches upon multiple sectors; and water does not respect political and cultural boundaries, be they local, regional or national. Water is a shared resource and its management needs to take into account a wide variety of con?icting interests. Water cooperation is crucial to peace and sustainable development Cooperation is essential to strike a balance between the different needs and priorities for sound water management. The potential for water cooperation is great. Evidence indicates that good examples of water cooperation greatly outshine water-related con?icts. All water systems are extremely complex, be they management systems at the local or national level, internationally shared river basins or parts of the natural hydrological cycle. Managing these systems requires multiple actors, from users to practitioners and managers, experts from various disciplines and policy- and decision-makers. Water cooperation between different social groups, economic sectors, regional governments, countries, and present and future generations, is crucial not only to ensure the sustainable and equitable use of water but also 1. Why care about water cooperation? The Water Tribunal in Valencia, Spain In the fertile region of Valencia, a century-old water tribunal settles disputes between irrigators. The region is famous for its network of irrigation canals which was built by the Romans two thousand years ago. Field owners who derive their water from the same canal form communities with their own statutes. Violations of these statutes are adjudicated by the Water Tribunal. The eight administrators of the Tribunal are elected every two years by a total of 11,691 members, and gather once a week to decide on matters of irrigation. The Tribunal has existed for more than a thousand years and has been recognized by UNESCO as an outstanding example of Intangible Cultural Heritage since 2009. © UNESCO/José Jordan 3</p> <UL><LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/1/1/">Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/2/2/">Inside-Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/3/3/">Page-3</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/4/4/">Page-4</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/5/5/">Page-5</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/6/6/">Page-6</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/7/7/">Page-7</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/8/8/">Back-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publications/1586/x/sitemap.xml" target="_blank">site map</a></LI> </UL>


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