<P>to create and maintain peaceful relations between people. Water cooperation requires the integration of all relevant interests and perspectives, fostering innovation, building trust, developing capacities and making decisions that are acceptable and understood by all. In this context, water cooperation needs to embrace multiple perspectives, be informed by a variety of disciplines and extend to all levels, from the local to the national to the international level, and across all socio- economic sectors. At the government level, different ministries can cooperate and mainstream awareness on water management into other sectors; at the community level users can cooperate through water users associations; at the transboundary level joint management institutions can help to distribute and protect shared resources; and at the international level different UN agencies can work together to promote the sustainable management of water. Cooperation mechanisms vary in terms of decision-making structures, levels of participation and rules and regulations. They can take the form of informal agreements or formal institutions, and they range from a simple exchange of information to joint management mechanisms and activities such as capacity development. Water cooperation as a peacemaking strategy Water can also be a catalyst for cooperation and for building peaceful relations beyond the resource itself. Often negotiations over a practical issue such as water provide a basis for dialogue even when political relations are strained. For example, Jordan and Israel held secret talks over the management of the Jordan River from the 1950s even though they were at war until 1994. Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam continued to exchange information on the Mekong River throughout the Vietnam War. Water cooperation can thus also serve as an avenue for peacemaking, building trust and mutual understanding. Transboundary water cooperation in Latin America U NESCOs Potential Con?ict Cooperation Potential (PCCP) programme facilitates multi-level and interdisciplinary dialogue to foster peace, cooperation and development by building capacity to manage transboundary water resources. For example, research on Lake Titicaca involved stakeholders from both Bolivia and Peru. A joint document was prepared outlining the status of con?ict and cooperation in this transboundary water body. In 1992, Bolivia and Peru created the Bi-national Autonomous Authority of Lake Titicaca recognizing the importance of the joint management of the lake. The PCCP programme worked to build on this cooperative will and to facilitate a joint vision common to all stakeholders through a joint case study providing a forum for cooperative action, and a joint management strategy while at the same time increasing knowledge of the shared water body. ©FAO/Pietro Cenini © Skykid 123ve; CC 3.0 Wikimedia Commons 4</p> <UL><LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/1/1/">Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/2/2/">Inside-Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/3/3/">Page-3</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/4/4/">Page-4</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/5/5/">Page-5</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/6/6/">Page-6</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/7/7/">Page-7</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publication/1586/dvbajjahv/8/8/">Back-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.stallionpublishers.com/publications/1586/x/sitemap.xml" target="_blank">site map</a></LI> </UL>


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